Almost all Oil and Natural Gas reserves are found deep underground under the earth’s crust. In prehistoric times, when most of the planet was just oceans, tiny plants and animals lived under these water bodies. When these small creatures died, they sank to the bottom of the sea, and their bodies got buried under multiple layers of mud and sand.
As time passed, this organic matter sank even deeper into the earth. Over time, the earth’s crust also changed shape and ended up putting intense heat and pressure on what was once just plants animals.
The heat from the interior of the earth, and the weight of the rocks laying over the crust gradually changed the chemical composition of the organic substances in the accumulated matter. The organic matter transformed into hydrocarbon compounds of both Liquid and Gaseous form. These hydrocarbons are viable sources of energy and form the backbone for today’s energy requirements.
Hence, the technology for the extraction of these hydrocarbons continues to advance, to make production possible from more and more deeper waters. One can learn about these technologies at a training institute, which teaches about these topics.
- What is the Piping Engineering?
Piping Engineering is the engineering involving precise calculations and software calibrations. Piping is the system of pipelines used to transport the fluid in the form of liquids and gases from one place to another.
It includes the production of various drawings and documents and is essential for any industrial plant. Some of the activities detailed in a training institute are Piping Design, Detailed Engineering and 3D modelling of systems, planning of plots, analysis of stress, supports, and beam engineering, modelling of piping, modelling of support, and much more. Piping Engineering is a big part of the power plant’s operation and is extensively covered in the training institute.
It also involves the Selection of Pipeline material, it’s sizing, and the calculation of the Pipe’s outer and inner diameters.
- Pipe Thickness calculation: Calculating the thickness of the pipe for a given value of pressure
- Pipe pressure drop calculation: Pressure drop caused due to fluid flow from one place to another.
- Piping layout engineering: It involves Piping stress analysis and the designing of Piping Support.
- Responsibilities of Piping Engineer
After being certified from a training institute, a piping engineer’s job begins right from the study of the plan’s feasibility, and then moves on to the detailed study of the machinery, and continues till the commissioning of the chemical plant takes place.
The various responsibilities of a piping engineer are:
- Study of requirements for the commencement of multiple processes, and site conditions, to procure equipment, plan its layout, and complete the operation plan.
- Coordinate and team up with civil and structural engineers from the training institute to finalize pipe racks, platforms, foundation structures, and various other background requirements.
- Assist and have a say in all purchase activities, with the evaluation of all vendor documents, for technical and non-technical discrepancies.
- Analysis of all mechanical data sheets (MDS) and the development of the required mechanical drawings as taught at the training institute; for example- nozzle orientations, support clip drawings, et cetera.
- Preparation of a possible piping layout, which has isometrics that adhere to the processing requirements, plant erection, plant operability, plant maintenance, and plant safety.
- Compiling piping material specifications (PMS) and valve material specifications (VMS).
- Preparation, and regular updating of material take-off (MTO) as per the changes included in the piping layout, process piping and instrumentation diagram (P&ID) as taught at the oil and gas training institute.
- Reviewing the vendor-supplied documents, like pump drawings, filter skid plan, datasheet of equipment, to ensure that the piping requirements are being fulfilled satisfactorily.
- Stress analysis of critical stress-lines, and marking and evaluation of all the support equipment for the isometrics.
- I am ensuring that there are sufficient structural members in place to provide for all piping supports.
- Verification of requirements for high-point vents and low-point drains (more than specified in process P&ID) to support hydro testing of the equipment.
- Assisting and providing help to the on-site construction team and providing them with an immediate solution to any issues faced by them.
MANDATORY ASNT NDT L-I & L-II CERTIFICATION COURSES OFFERED BY TRAINING INSTITUTE :
- Testing By Ultrasonic methods
- Testing via Radiographic techniques
- Testing via Penetration
- Testing was done using Magnetic Imaging
- Testing was done using Visual and Optical Media
- RTFI (Radiographic Film Interpretation)